Biomimetic Materials in Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics – A Review
Keywords:Biomimetic Materials, Restorative Dentistry, Endodontics
In 1950, while researching the nerves in a squid, Otto Schmitt coined the word “Biomimetics” It means
imitating life, literally. To seek to mimic or reproduce it artificially to preserve the same esthetics or work is the
study of natural structural processes. Since tooth structure has no natural means for restoration, biomimetic
methods can be implied to restore the teeth mechanically to its normal function and esthetics. There are two
things of biomimetic dentistry. First, the damaged or absent dental tissue is replaced, leading to complete
restoration to the tooth of function and aesthetics. And the substance used will regenerate the damaged dental
tissue, replicate and imitate it. The bio-compliant and Physico-chemical products of biomimetic material
have the benefits of improved biocompatibility, sealing ability, high strength, antibacterial properties and
are used to preserve long term esthetic and restoring techniques. Recent biomimetic technologies have
established the potential to transcend various considerable drawbacks of technologies of a previous age. This
study would seek to provide a clearer explanation for biomimetic materials ‘relative role in the sense of past
and current dental materials.
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