A Study of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) Regarding Voluntary Blood Donation among Health Care Professionals in Dhiraj Hospital- Vadodara
Keywords:Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, Health Care Professionals.
Background: Blood components like PCV, Whole Blood, Fresh Frozen Plasma(FFP), Platelet Rich
Plasma(PRP), Cryoprecipitate demands are increasing day by day in developing countries like India.
So in our study to assess the overall knowledge, attitude and practice regarding the extent of blood
donation practice among health care workers have keen importance.
Methods and Material: Our study which is a cross sectional study includes total of around 80 health care
workers of Dhiraj Hospital - Vadodara. On the basis of socio-demographic characteristics and according
to the levels of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice among participants data were collected using a self –
administered questionnaire. A structured questionnaire was given to all the health care workers working in
the Dhiraj hospital were taken into consideration.
Results: Eighty health care workers were involved in our study which was conducted at Dhiraj hospital
Vadodara among which it was found that about 55% donated to serve for humanity. A large group of around
15% were donating as a replacement for their kith and kin. Around 10% were because of self motivated
decisions. And on the other side the reasons for non-donation by non-donors was that nobody approached to
them and it constituted to about 6%. Around 57% non donated due to some health related reasons while rest
of them non donated due to fear of disease transmission and fear of needle which constituted to about 17%.
Conclusions: The health care workers of Dhiraj hospital were having overall level of knowledge, attitude
and practice was satisfactory. Health Professionals, various hospitals and blood banks services are demanded
to develop new ways so to make blood donation services more reliable and accessible
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