Possible Pain Caused in Judicial Modes of Execution: A Physiological and Pathological Analysis


  • Anjum Hassan
  • Meenu Gupta




Capital Punishment, medicalized, contemporary, execution.


Undoubtedly, the application of Capital Punishment has attracted a torrent of worldwide criticism. Primarily
the cause behind this criticism is the excruciating pain caused by ancient outdated and uncivilised methods
like crucifixion, hanging, beheading, etc., unlike the cotemporary scientific processes and international
instruments. In opposition to the backdrop of enumerated counterattacks, most of the developed countries
devised/formulated and implemented some contemporary procedures like shooting, lethal injection, gas
chamber, etc. These contemporary procedures were alleged by the formulating nations to be swift and
causing minimum pain. In this research paper, each of these modern modes have been critically analysed
after reviewing the physiological and pathological aspect of pain associated with each of these methods. The
author finds out that these so called modern method do inflict agonizing pain on the convicted offenders.
In conclusion the author does suggest that medicalized process of execution may, to some extent, lead to
painless killings.

Author Biographies

Anjum Hassan

Ph.D. Scholar

Meenu Gupta

Ph.D. Guide, Amity Law School, I-2 Block, Sector 125, Noida Amity University Uttar Pradesh



How to Cite

Anjum Hassan, & Meenu Gupta. (2021). Possible Pain Caused in Judicial Modes of Execution: A Physiological and Pathological Analysis. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(2), 4086-4091. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.15015