Ramadan Fasting and Risk of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) in Healthy People: A Review
Keywords:Ramadan fasting; COVID-19; Immunity, Respiratory system function
Fasting the month of Ramadan is one of five obligatory pillars of the Islamic creed, observed strictly by
hundreds of millions of Muslims every year. The fasting process includes absolute abstinence from eating
and drinking for an average of around 15 hours daily for one month. As the coronavirus disease 2019
(COVID-19) pandemic has been ongoing during the month of fasting, there are public concerns that fasting
may increase the susceptibility for infection of COVID-19. According to Islamic jurisdiction, if adequate
scientific evidence of harm on health is available, fasting is discouraged and should not be practiced.
Such concern is not only relevant to the Muslim population but is becoming increasingly relevant to other
populations due to the practice of intermittent fasting which is a popular current health trend worldwide.
There is no direct evidence of any disadvantage effect of Ramadan fasting during the COVID-19 pandemic
on healthy people, for this purpose, we performed a systematic review of 37 articles published between
2005 and April 2020 which investigated the effect of fasting on markers of the respiratory system function
and immune response. Our main findings from this analysis show that there is no evidence that fasting the
month of Ramadan have a negative impact on the respiratory function and the immune system of healthy
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Re use and mixing of content policy- We follow Creative Commons Licence Policy. We follow CC BY. Please refer below for all details
This license lets others distribute, remix, adapt, and build upon our work, even commercially, as long as they credit us for the original creation.
- The journal allows readers to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of its articles and allow readers to use them for any other lawful purpose.
- The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions.
- The journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restrictions