Ramadan Fasting and Risk of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) in Healthy People: A Review

Authors

  • Balsam Qubais Saeed
  • Kubais Saeed Fahady
  • Ahmed Omar Adrees

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.15047

Keywords:

Ramadan fasting; COVID-19; Immunity, Respiratory system function

Abstract

Fasting the month of Ramadan is one of five obligatory pillars of the Islamic creed, observed strictly by
hundreds of millions of Muslims every year. The fasting process includes absolute abstinence from eating
and drinking for an average of around 15 hours daily for one month. As the coronavirus disease 2019
(COVID-19) pandemic has been ongoing during the month of fasting, there are public concerns that fasting
may increase the susceptibility for infection of COVID-19. According to Islamic jurisdiction, if adequate
scientific evidence of harm on health is available, fasting is discouraged and should not be practiced.
Such concern is not only relevant to the Muslim population but is becoming increasingly relevant to other
populations due to the practice of intermittent fasting which is a popular current health trend worldwide.
There is no direct evidence of any disadvantage effect of Ramadan fasting during the COVID-19 pandemic
on healthy people, for this purpose, we performed a systematic review of 37 articles published between
2005 and April 2020 which investigated the effect of fasting on markers of the respiratory system function
and immune response. Our main findings from this analysis show that there is no evidence that fasting the
month of Ramadan have a negative impact on the respiratory function and the immune system of healthy
individuals.

Author Biographies

Balsam Qubais Saeed

Assistant Professor, College of Medicine, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates

Kubais Saeed Fahady

Professor,
College of Humanities and Science, Ajman University, Ajman, United Arab Emirates

Ahmed Omar Adrees

Student, College of
Medicine, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates

Published

2021-03-24

How to Cite

Balsam Qubais Saeed, Kubais Saeed Fahady, & Ahmed Omar Adrees. (2021). Ramadan Fasting and Risk of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) in Healthy People: A Review. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(2), 4309-4317. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.15047