Self-isolation of Healthcare Workers during COVID-19 Pandemic in a Tertiary Care Center – Association between their Sleep Quality, Anxiety Status and Social Capital
Keywords:Healthcare workers, Anxiety, Sleep quality, Social capital, COVID-19
With the rapid spread of COVID-19 since its inception a year back, the frontline healthcare workers, who
underwent isolation and quarantine following possible exposure, faced multiple psychiatric problems like
deterioration of sleep quality and anxiety manifestations. Different demographic variables were found to
be associated with their occurrence, as well as inter-relation between them were found to be common.
We tried to examine the role of social support system as well to the appearance of such problems in the
present study. After getting the ethical clearance, willing healthcare workers during their isolation and
quarantine were presented questionnaires consisting of Socio-demographic proforma, Self-rating Anxiety
Scale (SAS), Personal Social Capital Scale 16 (PSCS) and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Data
taken were analysed with independent t test and Fishers exact chi square test, Pearson’s correlation analysis
and linear regression analysis. Majority of the subjects were married Hindu female from urban background,
mostly doctor and nurse by profession. Independent T test revealed significant association between gender
and anxiety status as well as between marital status and sleep quality. Positive correlation between the
PSCS scores and the SAS scores (r=0.652, P<0.01) and negative correlations between the PSCS and PSQI
scores and between the SAS and PSQI score were found albeit being statistically insignificant. Significant
association was found between the SAS score and social bridging component of PSCS (Fishers exact chi sq.
value 0.54 and p = 0.003). Anxiety score was significantly affected when the socio-demographic factors like
gender, religion, marital status and scores of sleep quality (PSQI) and social capital (PSCS) were considered
together as seen in the linear regression analysis.
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