Glyphosate, Phorate, and Monocrotophos Hazardous Pesticide Usage and Its Public Health Impact – An Empirical Analysis
Keywords:: Glyphosate, Monocrotophos, Phorates, healtheffects, Pesticide
Background: Pesticides are used extensively around the world and it has many health significance due
to the usage of glyphosate,phorates, and monocrotophos that were mainly used as organophosphate
pesticides in all the countries. Aim: To evaluate the countries which banned glyphosate, phorates, and
monocrotophos hazardous pesticide usage and to assess the severity of risks caused by exposure of the
pesticides.Methodology: This study was based on a review of scientific publications on usage of hazardous
pesticides such as glyphosate, phorates, monocrotophos, and its impact on public health.Data were retrieved
from the manual and electronic database by using the search engines (PubMed and google scholar). Results:
European countries had banned glyphosate, phorate, and Monocrotophos pesticides within the year 2015 to
2019 whereas in India, two states namely Punjab and Kerala had banned glyphosate pesticides by the year
2018 to 2019, Phorates pesticides had banned in 2019, and monocrotophos pesticides were banned by the
two states namely Punjab and Maharashtra in the year 2018. Glyphosate pesticides caused more impact
on cancer and other health effects in the body in contrast to the other two pesticides had a lesser impact on
cancer.Conclusion: Chemical pesticides can protect and improve farm productivity. However, their inimical
and environmental health effects makes an inadequate long-term solution. Hence, to overcome this problem,
there must be minimization of the usage of chemical pesticides and introduction of eco-friendly natural
pesticides, which are easily accessible, low cost, and healthy method of a pest control system.
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