A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Lukewarm Water Footbath Therapy on Quality of Sleep among Elderly People Staying in Nadiad
Keywords:1.WFB: A warm footbath , 2.SPSS: Statistical Package For The Social Sciences, 3.DSM-IV: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder, 4.PMRT: Progressive Muscle Relaxation Technique, 5.SD: Standard Deviation, 6. DF: Degree of Freedom, 7. C.V.: Calculated Value, 8.T.V.: Tabulated Value
Introduction: Sleep is necessary for human being regardless of age. Specifically elderly people have
complaints in sleep disturbances which if treated can improve quality to sleep.
Aim: To identity the sleep quality among elderly people and to evaluate effectiveness of lukewarm water
Materials and Methods: An interventional study was conducted among 40 old age people staying in selected
old age home, Nadiad. The purpose of the study was to improve the quality of sleep amongst elderly. The
samples were selected by non-probability convenient sampling technique. The tool used for data collection
was Pittsburgh sleep quality index which is a self rated questionnaire. Lukewarm water foot bath therapy
was used as an intervention after taking consent from the samples. Pre-test was conducted from samples by
using Pittsburgh sleep quality index followed by which researcher has given intervention (lukewarm water
foot bath therapy) for 10 days consecutively before sleep at same time for 20 minutes. Later on, post-test
was conducted after 1 week by using Pittsburgh sleep quality index. Descriptive and inferential statistics
was used to analyze the data obtain was tabulated analyzed and interpreted in terms of objective of the study.
Results: The demographic data related to age 12(27.9%) belonged to 71-75 years, gender 23(53.5%) were
females and 17 (39.5%) were males, education the majority of the people 23 (53.5%) was from secondary
education, the source of income 16(37.2%) were having pension, social status 25(58.1%) was from middle
class, medications 23(53.5%) were taking and 17(39.5%) were not taking, factors affecting sleep 20(46.5%)
were having anxiety, activity 15(34.9%) was doing recreational activity, night hours of sleep 16(37.2%)
was having 6-7 hours, hours of sleep in day time 16(37.2%) was having 2-2.5 hours, habit 24(55.8%) was
having alcohol habit. Researcher applied Mann-Whitney test for comparison between pre-test and post-test.
Calculated Mann-Whitney pre-test values were 2.5 and post-test values were 4.29 which prove there is a
significant effectiveness of lukewarm water footbath therapy on quality of sleep.
Conclusion: It conclude that assessment of sleep quality after Lukewarm water footbath therapy shows that
the lukewarm water footbath therapy is helpful for improving the sleep quality among the elderly.
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