A Prospective Study of Ligature Mark in Deaths Due to Hanging
Keywords:Ligature mark, Hanging, Asphyxia.
Hanging is one of the ten leading causes of death in the world accounting for more than a million deaths
annually. The hanging deaths are one of the most important asphyxial types of death which are encountered
in day to day life by forensic pathologists. Ligature mark in the neck is the principal external sign in hanging
depending on body suspension from ligature point. This prospective study was conducted at the Department
of Forensic Medicine, Dr.B.R.Ambedkar Medical College, Bengaluru between January 2018 to December
2018 to assess the information provided by a ligature mark in deaths due to hanging. We found that typical
hanging is seen in 50 cases and atypical hanging in 225 cases. Partial hanging is seen in 73.09% deaths and
complete hanging in 26.9% deaths. Ligature mark was obliquely placed in 91.3% cases and was found to be
running above thyroid cartilage in 80.7% cases. Single ligature mark with a breadth of 1-2cms is observed
in the maximum number of cases. In 93% of the incidents, ligature mark showed discontinuity. The colour
of ligature mark was reddish-brown in 46.9% cases
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