Pattern of Suicidal Deaths in Females- A Cross Sectional Study in the Age Group of 12-24 Years
Keywords:Female suicides, adolescents, suicide note, attempted suicide, methods of suicide
Background: Suicide is the fourth leading cause of death among young males and the third for young
females, globally. Suicide affecting the youth is a big loss to the community. Hence, the aim of this study is
to identify pattern of suicidal deaths in females belonging to 12-24 years age group.
Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted in the Department of Forensic Medicine, Gandhi Medical
College, Secunderabad, which included all the deaths that occurred due to suicide in females aged 12-24
years from January 2017 to November 2018.
Results: Most victims belonged to the age group of 19-24 years (49%) and were from rural area (60%).
Majority attempted suicide during day time (72%) and inside their own homes (89%). In 91% of the cases,
there was no history of previous attempt and in 92%, no suicide note was found. 55% of deaths occurred on
the spot. Most common method of suicide was hanging (53%).
Conclusion: Suicide is a growing public health concern amongst the young. Peer support groups for
adolescents and young adults, who have exhibited suicidal behaviours, must be established to help prevent
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