A Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Awareness Programme on Knowledge Regarding Disaster Preparedness For Common Natural Disasters among the Adults Residing at Selected Rural Areas of Dehradun, Uttarakhand
Keywords:Effectiveness, awareness programme, disaster preparedness, common natural disasters, adults.
Disasters have a huge impact on humans, environment and economy throughout the globe. Preparedness
for disasters is critical for individuals, households, businesses, organizations and communities, but many
remain unprepared. India has been vulnerable to a large number of natural and human-made disasters on
account of its unique geo-climatic and socio-economic conditions. The study was conducted to evaluate the
effectiveness of awareness programme on knowledge regarding disaster preparedness for common natural
disasters among the adults residing at selected rural areas of Dehradun, Uttarakhand. A quasi experimental
study using non-equivalent control group pre-test post-test design was used. Purposive sampling technique
was used to select 80 adults: 40 each in control group and experimental group. Data was collected using
structured knowledge questionnaire. Collected data was analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics
using SPSS-16 programme. The findings showed that the pre-test mean knowledge score among the adults of
control group was 15.88 and experimental group was15.35. The post-test mean knowledge score among the
adults of control group was 16.02 whereas in experimental group it was 30.05. In post-test, in control group,
maximum 62.5 % adults had average knowledge, 30% had poor knowledge and 7.5% had good knowledge,
whereas in experimental group, maximum 82.5% adults had good knowledge, 17.5% had average knowledge
and none had poor knowledge. Hence it was concluded that the awareness programme had significant impact
on improving knowledge of adults regarding disaster preparedness for common natural disasters.
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