Morphometric Study of Dry Human Patella with Its Clinical Correlation

Authors

  • Pratima Baisakh
  • Lopamudra Nayak
  • B Shanta Kumari
  • Saurjya Ranjan Das

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i3.15343

Keywords:

Patella, morphometry, facets, knee joint.

Abstract

Background- Patella is the largest sesamoid bone and forms the femuro-patellar component of the knee
joint. Dimensions and classification of patellae are important anthropologically as well as clinically.
Aims & Objectives- Morphometry of patella has a definite role in implant design and reconstructive
surgeries of knee joint. The present study aims to find out different dimensions of patella and its facets on
both sides and compared.
Material & Methods- The morphometric study comprised of sixty (30 left and 30 right) dry human patella
collected from department museum by using sliding digital calliper. The different parameters studied are
height, width, thickness of patella, length and width of medial and lateral facets. Classification of patella was
done by using the measurements of its articular facets.
Observations- The mean height, width, thickness of patella of left side were found to be 37.79mm, 38.26mm,
19.35mm and that of right side were 35.72mm, 34.91mm, 17.64mm respectively. The mean width of medial
and lateral articular facet of left side were 19.42mm, 21.21mm and that of right side were 18.33mm,20.97mm
respectively. Width of lateral articular facet is significantly larger than that of medial articular facet of same
side(p<0.05) and 85% of patella belongs to Wiberg typeB.The mean patellar thickness on left and right side
is 19.35mm & 17.64mm respectively,left side being significantly more than(P<0.05) that of right side.
Conclusion- These dimensions of patella may be helpful for different patellofemoral operations like knee
arthroplasty, ligament repair, proximal tibial osteotomy, implant design for knee replacement and for forensic
measurements.

Author Biographies

Pratima Baisakh

Associate Professor, Dept of Anatomy, IMS & SUM
Hospital, SOA (Deemed to be University), Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

Lopamudra Nayak

Assistant Professor, Dept of Anatomy,  IMS & SUM
Hospital, SOA (Deemed to be University), Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

B Shanta Kumari

Assistant Professor, Dept of Anatomy,  IMS & SUM
Hospital, SOA (Deemed to be University), Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

Saurjya Ranjan Das

Associate Professor, Dept of Anatomy, IMS & SUM
Hospital, SOA (Deemed to be University), Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

Published

2021-05-17

How to Cite

Pratima Baisakh, Lopamudra Nayak, B Shanta Kumari, & Saurjya Ranjan Das. (2021). Morphometric Study of Dry Human Patella with Its Clinical Correlation. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(3), 430-435. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i3.15343