A Study of Blood Alcohol Level in Victims of Fatal Road Traffic Accidents in Manipur, India
Keywords:Road traffic accident, alcohol, post-mortem examination, drunk driving
Background: Alcohol is well-established risk factors for road traffic deaths around the world. Method:
This is a cross-sectional study to assess the prevalence of alcohol consumption among the victims of fatal
road traffic accidents in Imphal, Manipur. A detailed post-mortem examination was carried out among
160 victims and blood alcohol concentration was assessed by Cavett test and then quantified by gas liquid
chromatography. Result: A total of 40 (25%) cases were found to be positive for alcohol in the blood. Most
of the cases 11(27.5%) occurred in age group of 21-30 years and 41- 50 years, respectively. Maximum
number of cases 13(32.5%) showed blood alcohol concentration of 90-120 mg% while 7(17.5%) cases
showed readings above 180 mg%. Conclusion: This study found that driving under the influence of alcohol,
exponentially increases the risk of having an accident which could be fatal in its outcome.
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