Magnitude of Unnatural Deaths amongst Autopsies Over a Period of 4 Years at a Tertiary Centre Catering to Both Urban and Rural Population

Authors

  • Udaya Shankar B S
  • Shivakumar B C2
  • Sujatha P L
  • Tyagaraju M R

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i3.15364

Keywords:

Unnatural;Cause; Manner of death;Urban;Rural

Abstract

Descriptive study of “Magnitude of Unnatural deaths amongst autopsies” was carried out at a tertiary care
centrecatering to urban and rural populationwith aims todetermine cause & manner of unnatural deathsand
to estimate its magnitude according to area and sex.
840 cases (81%) fulfilled criteria,male: female ratio was 2.28:1. In urban & rural areas;vulnerable age group
was 21-30 years (35% &29%) followed by 31-40 years (23% &20%); most cases were hanging (49%&
32%) followed by RTA (27% & 31%) & poisoning (10% & 19%).Suicides (60% & 55%) were more than
accidents (35% & 42%) & homicides (5% & 3%). Hanging was more common in urban, whereas RTA &
poisoning common in rural areas. More percentage females succumbed to hanging & poisoning whereas
more males to RTA, electrocution & fall from height. Males succumbed mostly during 6 am-12 pm (161)
& 8 pm-6 am (157); whereas females succumbed mostly during 6 am-12 pm (74) & 69 cases each in 12-4
pm & 4-8 pm.
This study indicates need of strategies to curb unnatural deathsthrough health education& safety measures,
counseling & treatment of depression; and better roads with signal boards.Unnatural;Cause; Manner of death;Urban;Rural

Author Biographies

Udaya Shankar B S

Associate Professor, Dept of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Sapthagiri Institute of Medical Sciences & Research Centre, No.15, Chikkasandra, Hesarghatta Main Road, Bengaluru

Shivakumar B C2

Professor and Head, Dept of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology,Sapthagiri Institute of Medical Sciences & Research Centre, No.15, Chikkasandra, Hesarghatta Main Road,Bengaluru

Sujatha P L

Associate Professor, Dept of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Sapthagiri Institute of Medical Sciences & Research Centre, No.15, Chikkasandra, Hesarghatta Main Road, Bengaluru

Tyagaraju M R

Assistant Professor, Dept of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology,Sapthagiri Institute of Medical Sciences & Research Centre, No.15, Chikkasandra, Hesarghatta Main Road,Bengaluru

Published

2021-05-17

How to Cite

B S, U. S., B C2, S. ., P L, S. ., & M R, T. . (2021). Magnitude of Unnatural Deaths amongst Autopsies Over a Period of 4 Years at a Tertiary Centre Catering to Both Urban and Rural Population. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(3), 567-573. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i3.15364