Pattern of Injuries in Railway Fatalities at Bowring and Lady Curzon Hospital, Bangalore
Keywords:railway fatalities, suicide, mutilation, decapitation
Background: The Indian Railways, started over 167 years ago, is among the world’s largest rail network. In a
country like India, the railway network is ideal for long-distance travel and movement of bulk commodities,
apart from being an energy efficient and economic mode of conveyance and transport. Although beneficial
in a multitude of ways, railway fatalities are known to cause tremendous loss, in terms of human lives as
well as economic forfeiture.
Methods and results: A 7-month prospective and descriptive type of autopsy study was conducted at the
Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Bowring and Lady Curzon Hospital attached to Shri
Atal Bihari Vajpayee Medical College and Research Institute, Bangalore. Out of 98 cases of railway
fatalities, maximum number of deaths belonged to 21- 30 years age group i.e., 33 cases (33.67%) with male
preponderance (88 cases – 89.79%). The Hindu community contributed to 54 cases (55.10%). Maximum
cases occurred in the monsoon season (34 cases - 34.69%) and majority of victims were found dead at the
scene (90 cases - 91.83%). The predominant manner of death was suicidal (49 cases - 50%) and the most
common cause for death was shock and hemorrhage (53 cases - 54.08%).
Conclusion: Studies such as this, can help in better understanding of railway fatalities which can help policy
makers in implementing counteractive measures to prevent accidental deaths, discourage suicidal deaths and
to improve railway safety in general.
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