Demographic Studies of Autopsied Cases at North Bengal Medical College Hospital During the National Lockdown Period Due to COVID 19 Pandemic
Keywords:Pandemic, Corona, Covid 19, autopsy, infectious diseases , Mental Health, Road traffic accidents, Suicide.
The outbreak of COVID 19 pandemic in India has started from the month of March when many cases were
tested positive for novel coronavirus. The high infectivity of the disease led many governments to impose
strict lockdown with the aim of limiting its spread. To restrict its spread and save the people of India our
government has also imposed strict nationwide lockdown in a phase wise manner. Though the lockdown was
imposed to restrict the spread of COVID 19 but it had severe undesirable impact on the socio-economical
and psychological status of the people especially of low to medium income groups involved in private jobs.
The aim of this study was to study the cases of autopsied unnatural deaths with special emphasis to find out
the correlation between demographic pattern of deceased with the lockdown. In this study we have analysed
the 961 cases of autopsied unnatural deathsin the mortuary of Department of Forensic Medicine, NBMCH,
Darjeeling, West Bengal from the first day of lockdown up to the month of September (24th March 2020 to
September 2020). All data were analysed by appropriate statistical tolls like SPSS software. In this study we
found that male (66.4%) predominated over the females and most of the cases belongs to adult age group
(44.27%). Persons involved in private jobs (44%) were more severely affected compared to the government
jobs and cases of suicidal deaths (45.7%) rises but cases of deaths due to road traffic accidents (13.9%)
drastically reduced during lockdown period.
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