Role Oral and Maxillofacial Imaging in Upper Airway Assessment
Keywords:Upper airway, CBCT, Clinical assessment, Orthodontics.
Evaluation of upper airway space is a routine procedure in orthodontic diagnosis and treatment planning.
The two-dimensional representation of three-dimensional structures as afforded by the radiographic image in
cephalometry provides limited diagnostic information. Cone Beam Computed Tomography was developed
with the purpose of providing a superior imaging modality in dento-maxillofacial diagnosis. Objective:
To review the limits, functions and anomalies of different areas that make up the upper airway, to provide
information about specific methods most widely used by specialists for their evaluation, and to describe and
evaluate the information level and diagnostic accuracy of methods such as lateral cephalometric analysis
and Cone Beam CT (CBCT). Conclusions: It is essential to know upper airway assessment methods, which
include a clinical examination, a radiographic evaluation and CBCT. These will indicate possible functional
changes that could interfere with treatment.
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