The Efficacy of Phototherapy in the Treatment of Neonatal Jaundice
Keywords:phototherapy; neonatal jaundice; serum bilirubin.
Phototherapy is safe and effective in the management of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia; its efficacy has been
demonstrated in several studies.
A prospective study done on 100 cases of newborns with jaundice admitted to the pediatric ward at Tikrit
Teaching Hospital during January to July 2009 were selected randomly, aim to evaluate the efficacy of
phototherapy used in the treatment of significant indirect hyperbilirubinemia. The total serum bilirubin
determinations were performed on newborns with jaundice. The current study demonstrated a statistically
significant positive relation between the rate of TSB decrement and supplementary feeding, B.Wt. and
type of light ,and a statistically non-significant negative relation between the rate of TSB decrement and
gestational age, type of jaundice and receiving IVF. Conclusion: the efficacy of phototherapy in neonates
with mixed feeding more than the bottle feeding and breast feeding, also the response to phototherapy
in VLBW newborns was significantly slower than that of NBW and LBW. neonates under blue light
phototherapy showed faster response than those under white light.
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