Emergency Traumatic Patients, Study & Analysis in Nineveh Province in Iraq
Keywords:Traumatic Patients, Limb injury, Accidents, RTA, Nineveh Province
Background: Trauma is the medical problems associated with physical injury. Physical injuries includ
thermal, chemical and ionizing radiation but mechanical injury is the most common type. The study was
aimed to highlight the epidemiological parameters of these cases, determine most common causes and the
management as well outcome for them. Patients and Methods: This was a cross section study involve
250 trauma cases admitted to Alsalam and Aljumhoory teaching hospitals of Nineveh province Iraq, from
November 2018 to April 2019. Results: Males are more affected than females, and 56 % of patients belong
to the age groups from 10 to 39 years, we found that Slips and falls (or same level falls) are the most common
mechanism of injury specially among elderly people, while bullet and blast injuries form a small percentage
of injuries with 4% & 1.6% respectively. Limb injury is the most common type of injury, followed by head
injuries. Most of these injuries were treated conservatively but about quarter of them require surgery, while
abdominal injuries which represent about 5.6% of all injuries, were treated by surgery with exception of
21.4% treated conservatively. Conclusion: Young males are more exposed to trauma. Limb injury is the
most common type of injury while head injury is the commonest cause of death. Conservative treatment is
the most used strategy. Bowel is the most intra-abdominal organ affected
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