Effectiveness of An Educational Program on Mother’s Knowledge toward their Children with Sickle Cell Anemia about Non-Pharmacological Approaches to Pain Management in Basra Center for Hereditary Blood Diseases
Keywords:Mother’s Knowledge, Sickle Cell Anemia, Non-Pharmacological Approaches, Pain Management
Background: Sickle cell anemia is a chronic disease and a blood disorder that induces cellular modification
to the sickle-shaped form of defective hemoglobin in red blood cells. It is the most common genetic blood
disease in the world. For people with sickle cell disease, it is important to explore non pharmacological
treatments and use them as alternatives to drug treatments to relieve and treat acute and chronic pain.
Methodology: A descriptive (quasi experimental) design. This study used a pretest, posttest I and posttest II
with a design that is used is the one group. A non- probability sample of (30) mother was chose.
Result: The findings of the study indicated that there was high significant difference among mother’s
knowledge pretest and posttest I and posttest II at p-value =0.001. That indicates the effectiveness of
Conclusion: The study concluded that there was no significant relationship between (age of mother, marital
status, and Number of Pain Crises per Month) with mother’s knowledge also significance relationship
between (level of education,) with mother’s knowledge.
Recommendation: Frequent lectures and such educational program about non pharmacological to pain
management should be implemented in Basra center for hereditary blood disease. Provide an educational
booklet for mother includes information about sickle cell anemia and non-pharmacological to pain
management. Real need for coordination with the media in order to increase mothers’ knowledge about non
pharmacological to pain management.
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