Gender Stratified Physical and Psychological Health Status and Its’ Correlation among Community-Dwelling Older Adults
Keywords:older adults, community-dwelling, physical health, psychological health, primary care, Malaysia
Background: Maintenance of physical and psychological health is crucial to prevent general health problems
in older persons. There is inadequate information on gender based physical and psychological health status
in older adults attending primary care clinics in Malaysia.
Study Design: Cross-sectional study
Methods: 106 participants were required to perform physical performance tests consisting of 30secs chair
stand (30sCS), chair sit and reach (CSR), back scratch (BS), timed up and go (TUG), single leg stance (SLS)
and 2minutes walk (2MWT) tests. Psychological health measures consisted of Satisfaction with Life Scale
(SWLS) and General Health Questionnaire-28 (GHQ-28).
Results: Only CSR was found to be significantly higher in men (M= 1.27, SD= 3.1) compared to women
(M= -0.88, SD= 3.67). A significant correlation (p<0.05) was found only in men between GHQ-28 and 30
seconds sit to stand test (r= -0.424), TUG (r= 0.361) and 2 Minute walk test (r= -0.436).
Conclusion: Older males and females had similar physical and psychological measures except for lower
limb flexibility which was greater in females. Lower physical performance (lower body strength, mobility
and endurance) correlated with higher psychological issues in older males. There may be a need to consider
distinct physical and psychological needs between genders in order to provide optimum health prevention
and management stategies among older adults.
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