Gender Stratified Physical and Psychological Health Status and Its’ Correlation among Community-Dwelling Older Adults

Authors

  • Rajwinder Kaur Hardev Singh
  • Devinder Kaur Ajit Singh
  • Norhamizah Ideris
  • Ponnusamy Subramaniam
  • Sheela Bai Paneer Selvam

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i3.15417

Keywords:

older adults, community-dwelling, physical health, psychological health, primary care, Malaysia

Abstract

Background: Maintenance of physical and psychological health is crucial to prevent general health problems
in older persons. There is inadequate information on gender based physical and psychological health status
in older adults attending primary care clinics in Malaysia.
Study Design: Cross-sectional study
Methods: 106 participants were required to perform physical performance tests consisting of 30secs chair
stand (30sCS), chair sit and reach (CSR), back scratch (BS), timed up and go (TUG), single leg stance (SLS)
and 2minutes walk (2MWT) tests. Psychological health measures consisted of Satisfaction with Life Scale
(SWLS) and General Health Questionnaire-28 (GHQ-28).
Results: Only CSR was found to be significantly higher in men (M= 1.27, SD= 3.1) compared to women
(M= -0.88, SD= 3.67). A significant correlation (p<0.05) was found only in men between GHQ-28 and 30
seconds sit to stand test (r= -0.424), TUG (r= 0.361) and 2 Minute walk test (r= -0.436).
Conclusion: Older males and females had similar physical and psychological measures except for lower
limb flexibility which was greater in females. Lower physical performance (lower body strength, mobility
and endurance) correlated with higher psychological issues in older males. There may be a need to consider
distinct physical and psychological needs between genders in order to provide optimum health prevention
and management stategies among older adults.

Author Biographies

Rajwinder Kaur Hardev Singh

Physiotherapy Programme and Centre for Healthy Ageing and Wellness, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti
Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Devinder Kaur Ajit Singh

Physiotherapy Programme and Centre for Healthy Ageing and
Wellness, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 3

Norhamizah Ideris

Physiotherapy
Programme and Centre for Healthy Ageing and Wellness, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan
Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia,

Ponnusamy Subramaniam

Health Psychology Programme and Centre for Healthy Ageing and Wellness,
Faculty of Health Sciences. Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Sheela Bai Paneer Selvam

Ministry of Health
Malaysia

Published

2021-05-17

How to Cite

Rajwinder Kaur Hardev Singh, Devinder Kaur Ajit Singh, Norhamizah Ideris, Ponnusamy Subramaniam, & Sheela Bai Paneer Selvam. (2021). Gender Stratified Physical and Psychological Health Status and Its’ Correlation among Community-Dwelling Older Adults . Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(3), 858-863. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i3.15417

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