Study of Pap Smear as Cervical Cancer Screening: A Prospective Study at a Periurban Tertiary Care Centre
Keywords:Cervical cancer, Cervical cancer screening, Pap smear test.
Background: Cancer cervix is fourth most common cancer in the world and second most common in India.
In India, cervical cancer is the leading cause of mortality and morbidity amongst women. Methodology:
This prospective study was conducted among 200 women undergoing Pap Smear Test at gynecology OPD
between January-June 2020. Pap smear test was classified as per Bethesda system. Result: Abnormal pap
smear report was seen among 25.5% women. Higher proportion of abnormal pap report was seen among
women aged 21-30 years (41.17%), with a duration of married life between 10-20 years 33.3%. The common
abnormal pap smear report finding were inflammatory changes and vaginosis. Epithelial cell abnormalities
were found among 18 (9%) women. Conclusion: Pap smear test is a simple, affordable, effective, and
practical screening test for early detection of cervical cancer, and it decreases morbidities and mortalities
due to cervical cancer.
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