Outcome Analysis of Percutaneous Vertebroplasty in Osteoporotic Compression Fractures

Authors

  • Suvarn Gupta
  • Tejas Sadavarte
  • Shraddha Singhania
  • Vasant Gawande

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i3.15433

Keywords:

Percutaneous Vertebroplasty, Osteoporosis, Vertebral compression fractures

Abstract

Introduction: Osteoporotic compression fracture of vertebra are very commonly occurring with increasing
age. Pain and deformity are most common features. Vertebral augmentation procedures like percutaneous
vertebroplasty is a common surgical modality used for osteoporotic compression fractures. Materials and
Methods: This prospective observational study was conducted on 36 patients of vertebral compression
fracture that underwent percutaneous vertebroplasty in Datta Meghe Medical College in association with
Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College. A thorough clinical assessment including physical, neurological, and
systemic examination was carried out before taking up patients for percutaneous vertebroplasty. Bony
Tenderness at fracture site was examined. Results: This study was conducted in 36 patients of vertebral
compression fractures at our institute from January 2019 to January 2020. In our study, out of 36 patients,
24 (66.6%) were females and 18 (33.3%) were males. The mean age was 56.5 ± 6.2 SD years. D12 vertebral
fracture was most commonly involved vertebra. The VAS score was used to assess pre and post procedure
improvement. The mean pre-operative score 7.4 ± 1.1 SD which reduced to 2.2 ± 0.8 SD at 1 month followup and 2.1 ± 0.5 SD at 1 year follow up. There was significant reduction in pain score post operatively when
compared with pre-operative scoring (p value < 0.01). Conclusion: On the basis of this study, we concluded
that vertebroplasty is a safe, cost-effective, and pain relieving treatment option available for geriatric patient
with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures which are not relieved by conservative management.

Author Biographies

Suvarn Gupta

Assistant Professor, Department of Orthopaedics, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Wardha,

Tejas Sadavarte

Assistant Professor, Department of Radiodiagnosis, Datta Meghe Medical College,
Nagpur

Shraddha Singhania

Senior Resident, Department of Radiodiagnosis, Datta Meghe Medical College,
Nagpur, 

Vasant Gawande

Associate Professor, Department of Orthopaedics, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Wardha

Published

2021-05-17

How to Cite

Suvarn Gupta, Tejas Sadavarte, Shraddha Singhania, & Vasant Gawande. (2021). Outcome Analysis of Percutaneous Vertebroplasty in Osteoporotic Compression Fractures. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(3), 930-934. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i3.15433