Efficacy of Various Final Irrigant Activation Procedures on Smear Layer Removal - A SEM Study
Keywords:smear layer, EndoVac irrigation system , Eddy tip, XP - endo Finisher
Background: This in vitro study was intended to compare the removing efficacy of smear layer of the
EndoVac , EDDY tip, XP - endo Finisher and conventional needle irrigation in palatal roots of extracted
maxillary first molars, at the apical, middle and coronal levels by using scanning electron microscopy.
Material and Method: The palatal roots of sixty recently extracted maxillary first molars were selected
and divided into four groups (n=15) according to final irrigation agitation systems; EndoVac irrigation
system,Eddy tip, XP - endo Finisher and conventional needle irrigation. Each root was prepared to 40/0.06
apical size with EDGEENDO X3 rotary files. Following splitting the root samples, single half of each
sample was selected for examination under scanning electron microscope (SEM). The comparisons among
irrigation activation devices were done using the Kruskal Wallis test and Mann-Whitney U test at 0.05
Conclusion: Within the limitations of the present study, no one of the tested systems can remove the smear
layer completely. However, EndoVac system , Eddy tip and XP - endo Finisher remove significantly more
smear layer than conventional needle irrigation at the apical third but there was no significant difference at
middle and coronal thirds.
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