Socio-demographic Characteristics of Newly Reported HIV Cases in Iraq (1986-2019)
Keywords:HIV/AIDS, socio-demographic, Iraq.
Background: HIV/AIDS is considered as one of the most important public health concern faced by many
developed and developing countries.
Objective: To study the basic socio-demographic characteristics of the newly reported HIV Iraqi cases
during the period extending from 1986 to 2019.
Subjects and Methods: This is across sectional study conducted using data from newly reported HIV
Iraqi cases from March 2018 to March 2020. These data were available from the patient’s records at the
Iraqi National HIV/AIDS Program Centre. Annual registration statistics covering the period from 1986 to
2019 were reviewed. The diagnosis was done through identification of anti-HIV antibodies using primarily
ELISA as screening test and positive cases were confirmed by Western blot assay. The obtained data were
categorized according to the socio-demographic variables and were analyzed statistically.
Results: A total number of newly reported HIV Iraqi cases covering the period from 1986 to 2019 was 892
cases. The majority of the cases were males (83%), from 21-39 years old (60.3%), alive (65.7%), and single
(53.4%). Most of them were from low educational level (45.1%), low socio-economic status (48.3%), and
living in urban areas (75.6%) from Central origin (63.2%).
Conclusions: Identification of these findings may provide important directions for targeting certain sociodemographic
characteristics of the HIV infections to provide specific support for accessing healthcare
services and evaluating the effectiveness of prevention and control measures.
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