Effect of Zinc Supplementation on Insulin Resistance, Lipid Profile, BMI in Type II Diabetic Patients


  • Ghusoon T. Witwit
  • Besmah M. Ali
  • Yasameen Alsaffar
  • Anmar D. Ghazala




Insulin Resistance; Supplementation; Zinc; Diabetics; health


Background: Zinc is one of the most important essential trace metals in human nutrition and lifestyle with
special role in diabetic patients mainly due to its involvement in insulin production, storage and secretion.-
Objectives: to assess the effect of zinc supplementation on changing insulin resistance ,modifying lipid
profile and body mass index(BMI) in type II diabetics.-Design and Setting: A randomized controlled clinical
trial.-Study participants: the study was carried on 50 type II diabetic patients, both gender and followed for
6 weeks. the participants were randomly divided into intervention group who receives 50 mg/d elemental
zinc and control group without zinc supplement.-Materials: S. zinc, fasting plasma glucose(FPG), fasting
S. insulin, HbA1c, lipid profile, BMI were measured at the beginning(before supplementation and at the end
of the 6 weeks duration.
Results: After 6 weeks of zinc supplementation, serum zinc levels improved significantly (P=0.0001). There
was no significant difference in BMI (P=0.092). Insulin resistance (IR), HbA1c were significantly decreased
(change mean -0.75 P=0.004 and -0.72, P=0.001) respectively. HDL-C was significantly increased (change
mean 3.56 mg/dl P=0.022). TG and TC were significantly decreased (change mean-10.92mg/dl P=0.001 and
– 3.52mg/dl P=0.009) respectively. There was significant positive correlation between zinc intake and serum
zinc level (R2=0.432).-Conclusion: Our study results revealed that supplementation of 50 mg zinc sulphate
improves insulin resistance and induces more healthy lipid profile, while it has no significant effect on BMI
of type II diabetic patients after 6 weeks of supplementation.

Author Biographies

Ghusoon T. Witwit

Senior Specialist of Family Medicine, Imam Al-sadiq general hospital/Babil/Iraq

Besmah M. Ali

Head of Scientific Council of Clinical Nutrition Fellowship/ Arab Board, Ghazy Al-Hariri Hospital For Surgical Specialties/Iraq

Yasameen Alsaffar

Advanced Doctorate In Endocrinology And Diabetes/Macquarie University/Sydney Australia, Associate Professor in Endocrinology and Diabetes/Faculty of Medicine/Babylon University/Iraq

Anmar D. Ghazala

Chemical Path, Senior Specialist of Chemical Pathology, Imam Al-sadiq General Hospital/Babil/Iraq



How to Cite

Witwit, G. T. ., Ali, B. M. ., Alsaffar, Y. ., & Ghazala, A. D. . (2021). Effect of Zinc Supplementation on Insulin Resistance, Lipid Profile, BMI in Type II Diabetic Patients. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(3), 1487-1493. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i3.15514