Prospective Study on Group of Heart Failure Patients in Ibn Al-Bitar Center for Cardiac Surgery for Evaluation of CRT-D Effect


  • Mais O. Al-Saffar
  • Rafid B. Al-Taweel
  • Zaid Al-Dahhan
  • Khalil Sarhan



Responders Cardiac mechanics Heart failure CRT 2D Echocardiography


Objectives: The main objective of this study was to assess the effect of CRT-D device on the cardiac
mechanics for group of patients with end-stage heart failure (HF).
Methods: For 13 patients with heart disease who are supposed to undergo a CRT (Cardiac Resynchronization
Therapy) implant, a single center study has been performed at the Ibn Al-Bitar center for cardiac surgery.
End stage HF (heart failure) with (NYHA class III or IV) left ventricular ejection fraction < 35% and QRS
interval >120 ms were selected for CRT. Before CRT implantation, the clinical evaluation was measured and
2-D echocardiography was performed to measure left ventricular volume and ejection fraction. Combining
both M-mode echocardiography, TDI color-coded tissue and speckle tracking technique, left ventricular
desynchrony has been tested. Clinical condition and increase in echocardiographic parameters (left
ventricular ejection fraction and volume) were re-assessed after 3 months of follow-up.
Results: Post CRT-D implantation, significant clinical improvement was observed in 54% of the patients.
Class of functional capacity decreased in the third month after implantation compared to basal levels (P <
0.01). Left ventricular end-diastolic (LVIDd) and end-systolic diameters (LVIDs) decreased, and LV systolic
function improved significantly at the 3rd month after implantation when compared to baseline values.
Decrease in LV volumes continued to the 3rd month, that the decrease in LVESV was statistically significant
(P = 0.07), reduction in end-diastolic volume was also statistically significant (P = 0.07). Ejection fraction
and fractional shortening showed insignificant (p > 0.05) increase after CRT-D implantation.
Discussion: Patients were divided into responders and non-responders, based on improvement in NYHA
functional class, it became evident that an improvement in clinical parameters was observed only in the
responders. Moreover, improvements in LVEF and reverse remodeling were also observed only in the

Conclusion: Cardiac resynchronization therapy is considered as a therapy for patients with severe heart
failure, with statistically significantly improve in clinical and echocardiographic parameters.

Author Biographies

Mais O. Al-Saffar

Post graduate, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Al-Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq

Rafid B. Al-Taweel

Assist Prof.,Internal Medicine Department, Al-Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq

Zaid Al-Dahhan

Prof.,  Ibn Al-Bitar Center for Cardiac Surgery, Baghdad, Iraq

Khalil Sarhan

Specialist, Ibn Al-Bitar Center for Cardiac Surgery, Baghdad, Iraq



How to Cite

Al-Saffar, M. O. ., Al-Taweel, R. B. ., Al-Dahhan, Z. ., & Sarhan, K. . (2021). Prospective Study on Group of Heart Failure Patients in Ibn Al-Bitar Center for Cardiac Surgery for Evaluation of CRT-D Effect. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(3), 1639-1643.