A Comparison of Shear Bond Strength Values of Recycled Self-Ligating Ceramic Brackets with a New Ones (An-in Vitro Study)


  • Zain Alabideen Ahmed
  • Mustafa M. Al-Khatieeb




Recycled; Reconditioning; Sandblasting; Er,Cr:YSGG laser; Flame; Shear bond strength; Ceramic self-ligating brackets; Scanning electronic microscope.


Background: The aim of the current study was to assess the effects of different recyclrd procedures on shear
bond strength and morphological characteristics of deboned mechanically retaining self-ligating ceramic
brackets’ bases, then compare the results with the new brackets of the same company.
Material and Methods: Forty-eight mechanical retentive self-ligating ceramic brackets from Damon®
ClearTM company were used, thirty-six of these brackets were bonded to non-etched and slightly damp
buccal tooth surface in order to permit an easy debonding of these brackets by dental tweezer, these debonded
brackets were then allocated into three experimental groups (12 per group): recycled by sandblasting,
recycled via an Er, Cr: YSGG laser irradiation, and recycled by flame. After recycled, twelve new brackets
(the control) plus the previously thirty six reconditioned brackets were bonded to the forty-eight premolar
teeth following standardized bonding procedure.
Results: There were highly significant differences in the mean shear bond strength values among all groups
using analysis of variance F-test; in addition, the mean shear bond strength of new brackets had the highest
mean value of 22.90 Mpa, followed by Er,Cr:YSGG laser group 20.29 Mpa, then sandblasted group of 11.42
Mpa, while flame group had the lowest mean shear bond strength value of 7.63 Mpa; furthermore, the results
showed a significant difference in adhesive remnant index (ARI) among all groups.
Conclusion: all recyclrd procedures would result in a clinically acceptable shear bond strength value. The
Er,Cr:YSGG recyclrd procedure can effectively eradicate the adhesive from the bases of ceramic brackets
without jeopardizing them; thus, this technique can be preferred over other recyclrd procedures.

Author Biographies

Zain Alabideen Ahmed

Post Graduate/ Ministry of Iraqi Health, Baghdad, Iraq

Mustafa M. Al-Khatieeb

Assistant Professor, Department of Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, University of Baghdad, Iraq



How to Cite

Ahmed, Z. A. ., & Al-Khatieeb, M. M. (2021). A Comparison of Shear Bond Strength Values of Recycled Self-Ligating Ceramic Brackets with a New Ones (An-in Vitro Study). Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(3), 1673-1679. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i3.15547