Legal Regulation of GMO Turnover and Health Protection in Russia


  • Alexandr Anatolievich Mokhov
  • Yury Alexandrovich Svirin
  • Vladimir Aleksandrovich Gureev
  • Natalya Semenovna Posulikhina
  • Sergej Nikolaevich Shestov



: foodindustry, genetictechnologies, genetically modified foods, human health, state bio-policy


The article considersboth advantages and disadvantages of the widespread use of genetically modified
foodsamong the population. Special attention is drawn to insufficient arguments of their supporters and
opponents. The authors of the article propose to focus on the possible advances and risks of genetically
modified foodsfor public health. A state policy of approving or prohibiting the use of genetically modified
foods, including the relevant bio-policy, should be based on the priority of human life and health and the
interests of consumers of food products. Other arguments are secondary and subsidiary for making the
most important political decisions affecting the foundations of human life and the environment. Methods:
The research was carried out from the standpoint of theoretical analysis,general (sociological, systemic,
structural, functional) and specialscientific methods (comparative jurisprudence, technical and legal
analysis, specification, interpretation). The methodological basis of this study was the theory of knowledge.
Objective: The article aims at studying the possibility of GMO turnover in Russia, as well as determining
the purposes of their use and legal regulation.Results:It was concluded that the market authorization of
genetically modified products and the issuance of appropriate permissions to use them as food products,
whoseingredients contain a modified gene, make states answer the following question: “Do these genetically
modified products preservepublic health and the health of a particular individual?”.If such a goal is not
pursued, there is no social need (at least, in Russia) to introduce such products into civil circulation.
Supporting this conclusion, the authors of the article provideseveralarguments

Author Biographies

Alexandr Anatolievich Mokhov

Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor of the Kutafin Moscow State Law University (MSAL), Russia

Yury Alexandrovich Svirin

Doctor of
Legal Sciences, Professor at the Civil Procedural Law and bailiff Organization Department of the All-Russian
State University of Justice, Russia, Member of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Russia, Academician of the
Academy of Fundamental Sciences, Russia

Vladimir Aleksandrovich Gureev

Doctor of legal Sciences, Professor, Head of the Civil Procedural Law
and bailiff organization Department of the All-Russian State University of Justice, Russia

Natalya Semenovna Posulikhina

PhD (Law), lecturer
of theKutafin Moscow State Law University (MSAL), Russia

Sergej Nikolaevich Shestov

PhD (Economic Sciences), Academy of Labor and
Social Relations, Russia



How to Cite

Alexandr Anatolievich Mokhov, Yury Alexandrovich Svirin, Vladimir Aleksandrovich Gureev, Natalya Semenovna Posulikhina, & Sergej Nikolaevich Shestov. (2021). Legal Regulation of GMO Turnover and Health Protection in Russia. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(3), 1733-1741.

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