Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) and Hypertension Prevention
Keywords:theory of planned behavior, prevention, hypertension
Background: Hypertension is still high in morbidity and mortality in the world and Indonesia. The number
of people with hypertension is increasing every year. Aim: This review summarizes the Theory of Planned
Behavior (TPB) in the prevention of hypertension. Materials and Method: The literature search was
carried out in February 2021 on the PubMed database using the keywords “theory of planned behavior”,
“prevention” and “hypertension”. The articles used are the articles of the last 10 years (from 2011-2020).
The search found 30 articles and 8 articles that fit the criteria were discussed. The number of respondents in
this study was between 25-306 with a total of 1,331 people. The questionnaire was used in the study for data
collection. Results: Respondents are students, adolescents, residents, and communities from Iran, Thailand,
and USA. TPB provides benefits in an educational program for people who are at risk of hypertension.
Subjective norms, perceived behavioral control (PBC), intention increased hypertension prevention.
Conclusion: TPB-based interventions are effective for hypertension prevention. All TPB constructs play
an important role in hypertension prevention. The TPB model is still feasible and relevant for assessing
hypertension prevention behavior.
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