Relationship between Periodontal Health and Adolescent Physical Performance Periodontal Health and Adolescent Physical Performance
Keywords:periodontal, performance, adolescent physique, Modified Gingival Index, International Physical Activity Questionnaire
Background: Oral health problems, including periodontal tissue problems, are important issues
that need attention because they can affect a person’s quality of life and performance. The
prevalence of the periodontal disease in all age groups in Indonesia is 96.58%. Purpose: This
study aims to determine the effect of periodontal disease on adolescent physical performance. Method:
This research was conducted in an analytic observational manner. The population of this research is
adolescents aged 12-14 years in junior high schools in Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia as many as 101
students. Data collection used the Modified Gingival Index (MGI) method and the International Physical
Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). The data analysis used was the ETA correlation test. Result: In the
distribution of dental health knowledge, most of the respondents had a low level of knowledge of 88.1%,
low physical activity of 44.6%, and good gingival health based on the Modified Gingival Index of 52.5%.
Conclusion: There is a significant difference in the level of respondents’ Modified Gingival Index based on
the respondent’s experience of getting dental and oral care and the last time he received dental and oral care.
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