Dihydrotestosterone and Free/Total Prostatic Specific Antigen Ratio in Diagnosis and Prognosis of Prostatic Disease
Keywords:Dihydrotestosterone, free/total prostatic specific antigen ratio, prostatic disease
Background: Both benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostate cancer (Pca) include prostate enlargement.
The second most common cancer among men worldwide is prostate cancer. It has been documented that
by the time they reach their 60s, most men will experience benign prostatic hyperplasia. There is a real
difficulty differentiating between benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostate cancer, the prostatic specific
antigen (PSA) is not used as a reliable marker of prostate cancer. It is a specific biomarker measure specific
to prostate tissues and not prostate cancer. Aims In the analysis of the gray zone of tPSA (4-10 ng/ml), add
these biochemical markers and differentiate the root cause of prostate tumor in order to minimize painful and
intrusive prostate biopsy. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional and case control study. It included 110
patients ages range (45-81 years) with benign prostatic hyperplasia (n=55) and prostate cancer (n=55). Forty
-five apparently healthy subjects were also included as controls. Peripheral blood samples from controls
and patients were collected before obtaining a prostatic biopsy from patients. Serum samples were used
for measurements of total Prostate Specific Antigen (tPSA), Free Prostate Specific Antigen (fPSA), and
Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) by using ELISA technique. Result: Mean (±SD) serum tPSA and fPSA values
for Pca were substantially improved compared to both BPH and control (p=0.001 for all), while mean fPSA/
tPSA values for PCa were significantly decreased compared to BPH and control values (p=0.001). In PCa,
the mean +SD value of the DHT ratios was significantly lower than in each BHP, and controls (P<0.001)
were significantly lower in PCa than in each BHP and regulation (P<0.001). The mean DHT values for BPH
were significantly higher as compared to control values (p< 0.001). Conclusion: The level of serum tPSA is
4.2 ng/ml for prostate tumor screening, while 10.1 ng/ml for PCa and BPH differentiation.
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