Lead in Painting Workers at Indonesia Land Transportation Manufacture Company
Keywords:lead exposure, lead in painting workers, blood lead levels.
Lead is widely used in various industrial purposes, one of which is in the paint industry. Lead plays an
important role in the paint industry which functions as a coloring agent or known as pigment. Lead is a
heavy metal whose benefit is unknown in the body. In fact, its existence in the body often causes toxic
effects on health. In painting activities, lead can more easily interact and poison paint workers through
inhalation, ingestion, and skin. Accute lead poisoning can result in haematological disorders. This study
aimed to reveal the level of lead in the air in the painting area and to analyze the differences in lead and
hemoglobin levels. This observational study used an analytic cross-sectional design. The study population
consisted of 2 groups, namely the study group (exposed group) and the control group (non-exposed group)
as a comparison. The research subjects were 20 people consisting of 12 respondents from the exposed group
and 8 respondents from the unexposed group.The results of this study indicate that the average exposure to
lead levels in the air is0.06834 mg/m3. There was a difference between the lead levels of the exposed group
and the unexposed group (sig: 0,00). And there was no difference between the hemoglobin levels of the both
groups (sig: 0,349).
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