Using Sleman’s Verbal Autopsy Health and Demographic Surveillance Data to Distinguish Ways of Death
Keywords:cause of death, way of death, verbal autopsy, surveillance system
Death can occur anywhere, with or without prior treatment by a healthcare professional. A good and
complete death registry will meet the information needs. Such a registry will also enhance community safety
efforts and policymaking in the health and population sectors. Analysis of risk factors, signs, and symptoms
observed before death provides useful information for estimating diseases or causes of death. Verbal autopsy
data must be explored in more depth to protect public law and improve health statistics.
Methods: This research used observational design. Data obtained from the Health and Demographic
Surveillance System of Sleman. Research subjects were all deaths recorded in verbal autopsy document
from 2014-2018. Descriptive statistical analysis was used.
Results: Differences in the proportion of gender from 2014-2017 were observed, where the number of
women was higher than men. Most deaths were above 65 years of age. Most deaths were natural deaths.
Unnatural deaths were caused by traffic accidents, drowning, murder, and others, with the most number of
cases occurring in 2014 (12%). Indeterminate deaths occurred annually, with the most cases in 2017 (13%).
Conclusions: Verbal autopsy has succeeded in distinguishing between natural and unnatural death.
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