Individual-Level Factors Associated with Quality of Life among TB Patients


  • Dhian Satya Rachmawati
  • Nursalam Nursalam
  • Rachmat Hargono
  • Mochammad Amin
  • Nyoman Anita Damayanti



: Individual-Level factors, Quality of Life, TB patients


Background: Due to the high incidence of tuberculosis (TB) in Indonesia, evaluating important factors
of the TB patients’ quality of life is crucial. Individual-level factors play an essential role in enabling TB
patients to manage their perceived needs and treatments to sustain the Quality of Life (QoL). Yet little is
known about the relationships between individual-level factors and the QOL of TB patients in Indonesia.
This study aimed to evaluate the association between individual-level factors (physical health, emotional
state, social support, spirituality) and quality of life in TB patients. Methods: A cross-sectional study was
conducted using a simple random sampling strategy, 73 TB patients were chosen based on their availability
during data collection, and consent to participate in the study. The data were collected from a community
sample of Surabaya City, East Java, Indonesia. In the present study, the following instruments were used:
Early Warning Score System (EWSS), Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS)-21, MOS Social Support
Survey-14, Daily Spiritual Experience Scale (DSES), and the World Health Organization Quality of Life
(WHO-QoL). Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient was used to discover the association between variables.
Results and Discussions: The results showed that there were significant relationships between physical
health (p = 0.037), emotional state (p = 0.04), social support, spirituality and QoL (p = 0.001). Conclusion:
In conclusion, individual-level factors associated with TB patients’ quality of life: physical health, emotional
state, social support, and spirituality.

Author Biographies

Dhian Satya Rachmawati

Student, Doctoral Program of Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga,Lecturer, Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Hang Tuah Surabaya

Nursalam Nursalam

Professor, Faculty
of Nursing, Universitas Airlangga, 

Rachmat Hargono

Lecturer, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga

Mochammad Amin

Professor, Faculty
of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga,

Nyoman Anita Damayanti

Lecturer, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga



How to Cite

Dhian Satya Rachmawati, Nursalam Nursalam, Rachmat Hargono, Mochammad Amin, & Nyoman Anita Damayanti. (2021). Individual-Level Factors Associated with Quality of Life among TB Patients . Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(3), 2836-2841.

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