Drug Patch Test as a Diagnostic Test to Determine the Culprit Drug of Cutaneous Adverse Drug Reaction (CADR)
Keywords:CADR, drug patch test, clinical relevance
Background: Cutaneous Adverse Drug Reaction (CADR) is a frequent problem in clinical practice since
there were new drugs or drug misuse, which leads to high morbidity and mortality rate. It is often difficult to
determine the offending drug only from the history. Provocation test, intradermal test or skin prick test are
of significant value, but having higher risk to re-precipitate life-threatening reaction. Drug patch test (DPT)
is a test, which is performed to CADR patient to determine the culprit drug. The main advantages of DPT
are, it gives rarely adverse reaction and any commercialized form of drugs can be used.
Methods: This is a retrospective study, aimed to analize the clinical relevance between anamnesis and DPT
result in patient with history of CADR. All patient, who were performed with DPT in one year period in Dr.
Soetomo General Academic Hospital Surabaya Indonesia, were evaluated in this study.
Results: There were 14 patients with history of CADR, who performed DPT; consist of 7 maculopapular
eruption cases, 4 Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (SJS) cases, 1 Fixed Drug Eruption (FDE) case, 1 Acute
Generalized Exanthematous Pustulosis (AGEP) case and 1 Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic
Reaction (DRESS) case. There were 9 patients (64.3 %), who got positive result of DPT. The relevance
between anamnesis and positive result of DPT were shown in 8 patient (88.9%) of 9 patient with positive
Conclusion: DPT has important role in identifying the culprit drug in CADR, especially when multiple
drugs are involved.
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