Evaluating the Knowledge of Moroccan Patients Regarding their Oral Anticoagulant Treatment Admitted in Cardiology and Cardiovascular Surgery Units

Authors

  • Esso Eric Valery Latt
  • Youssef Moutaouakkil
  • Badreddine Moukafih
  • Yahia Cherrah
  • Jamal Lamsaouri
  • Yassir Bousliman

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i3.15743

Keywords:

Oral anticoagulant treatment, VKAs, Patients, Knowledge, Questionnaires

Abstract

Background. Vitamin K antagonists (VKAs), the most commonly used anticoagulants worldwide. Our aim
was to assessing the moroccan patients’ knowledge regarding their VKA treatment after their hospital stay
in Cardiology and Cardiovascular Surgery units before being discharged home.
Methods. One hundred and twenty-three patients were enrolled in this prospective, monocenter study. Their
level of knowledge was assessed by a semi-structured interview between the pharmacist and the patients.
Results. 75,61% of patients were able to give the name of the drug they were taking, 76,42 % could explain
its effect and finally, 79,67% of patient knew their INR target values. 19,51 % of patients were able to
describe the symptoms in case of overdose and what to do in that case. 47,15 % of patients were aware of
food interactions and 56,09 % of self-medication risks.
Conclusion. Our study, as in previous studies among Patients with chronic diseases, identified some gaps in
knowledge. These findings indicate the need for better education of patients regarding their VKA treatment.

Author Biographies

Esso Eric Valery Latt

Resident in Clinical Pharmacy, Laboratory of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy,
Mohammed V University in Rabat, Rabat Institute, Rabat, Morocco

Youssef Moutaouakkil

Specialist in Clinical Pharmacy, Laboratory
of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Mohammed V University in Rabat, Rabat
Institute, Rabat, Morocco,

Badreddine Moukafih

Specialist in Clinical Pharmacy, Laboratory
of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Mohammed V University in Rabat, Rabat
Institute, Rabat, Morocco,

Yahia Cherrah

Professor of Pharmacology, Laboratory of Pharmacology-Toxicology, Faculty of
Medicine and Pharmacy, Rabat Institute, University Mohamed V, RabatMorocco

Jamal Lamsaouri

Professor of Therapeutic
Chemistry, Laboratory of Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Rabat Institute, University
Mohamed V, Rabat-Morocco

Yassir Bousliman

Professor of Toxicology, Laboratory of Pharmacology-Toxicology, Faculty of
Medicine and Pharmacy, Rabat Institute, University Mohamed V, RabatMorocco

Published

2021-05-17

How to Cite

Esso Eric Valery Latt, Youssef Moutaouakkil, Badreddine Moukafih, Yahia Cherrah, Jamal Lamsaouri, & Yassir Bousliman. (2021). Evaluating the Knowledge of Moroccan Patients Regarding their Oral Anticoagulant Treatment Admitted in Cardiology and Cardiovascular Surgery Units. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(3), 2883-2886. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i3.15743

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