Gitelman Syndrome in Post-Partum Pre-Eclampsia in Dr. Soetomo Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia
Keywords:Gitelman Syndrome, hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, metabolic alkalosis, hypocalciuria, preeclampsia.
Gitelman Syndrome (GS) is an autosomal recessive tubular kidney disorder. The disorder is rare with a
prevalence estimated to be 1 in 40,000 individuals. We closely observed a 28-year-old female with complaints
of stiffness and cramps on both hands and feet for 2 weeks and became worse in 3 days before admittance,
nausea (+), vomiting (+), shortness of breath (+). Medical records showed that patient underwent post SC
32nd day because of severe pre-eclampsia + IUGR + Oligohydramnion. Physical examination showed GCS
456, blood pressure 140/80 mmHg, heart rate 96x/minute, respiration rate 24x/minute, temperature 37 o
Laboratory results showed Hb 9.4 g/dl, MCV 86.8 fL, MCH 29.6 pg, MCHC 34.1 g/dL, WBC 7.83x103/
uL, PLT 483x103/uL, potassium 2.8 mmol/L, sodium 138 mmol/L, chloride 95 mmol/L, calcium 8.3 mg/dL,
magnesium 1.1 mg/dL, phosphate 3 mg/dL, BUN 8 mg/dL, serum creatinin 0.76 mg/dL, urinary calcium
488.4 mg/24 hours, urinary creatinine 488.4 mg/24 hours, proteinuria +1, and blood gas test suggested
mixed metabolic alkalosis and respiratory acidosis. Gitelman Syndrome is characterized by hypokalemia,
hypomagnesemia, metabolic alkalosis and hypocalciuria. The diagnosis of GS is generally relatively late
because of its difficulty to be clinically categorized; therefore, a more comprehensive diagnosis approach is
needed. The diagnosis of Gitelman Syndrome is based on clinical symptoms and laboratorial abnormalities
and can be confirmed by genetic testing.
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