Relationship between Premature Rupture of Membranes to Neonatal Sepsis: A Literature Review

Authors

  • Fariz Augusta

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i3.15757

Keywords:

Premature rupture of membranes, preterm premature of membranes, neonatal sepsis, literature review.

Abstract

Background: Infection is still one of the highest cause of neonatal death in Indonesia. 30% of neonatal
deaths are caused by infection (Kosen, 2005), with numbers ranging from 8,76% to 30,29% with fatality
rates of up to 49,9% (Victor,1997). Several journals has discussed the relationship between premature
rupture of membranes and neonatal sepsis. The author will review said literatures and conclude them.
Aims of the Study: This review aims to analyze how premature rupture of membranes may cause neonatal
sepsis and does the former increases risk of the latter.
Methods of Study: Data will be appraised from associated literatures and synthesizing the results. Reviewed
literatures are taken from Pubmed, NCBI PMC, and Google Scholar. Literature criteria are observational
study with control, comparative study, and analytical descriptive study.
Results: 13 literatures that discussed the relationship between premature rupture of membranes with neonatal
sepsis were reviewed. While neonatal sepsis still occurs in women without premature rupture of membranes,
women with premature rupture of membranes has marked a higher incidence of neonatal sepsis. The risks of
neonatal sepsis are multifactorial, such as (1) low birth weight, (2) preterm premature rupture of membranes,
(3) premature rupture of membranes with longer durations, and (4) healthcare quality.
Conclusion: Premature rupture of membranes is shown to increase risk of neonatal sepsis occuring.

Author Biography

Fariz Augusta

Faculty of Medicine, Airlangga University, Jalan Mayjen Prof. Moestopo 47, Surabaya - 60131, Indonesia

Published

2021-05-17

How to Cite

Fariz Augusta. (2021). Relationship between Premature Rupture of Membranes to Neonatal Sepsis: A Literature Review. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(3), 2982-2989. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i3.15757