Nutritional Status and Blood Profile amongst Patient withChildand Maternal Leprosy in Endemic and Non-Endemic Area of Indonesia

Authors

  • Flora Ramona Sigit Prakoeswa
  • Yohanes Aditya Adhi Satria
  • Budi Prasetyo
  • Santi Martini
  • Muhammad Yulianto Listiawan
  • Anang Endaryanto
  • Cita Rosita Sigit Prakoeswa

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i3.15761

Keywords:

Leprosy; Nutritional status; Blood Profile; Endemic; Non-endemic

Abstract

Leprosy remains endemic in several country, where the disease is still considered as a health burden. The
development of the disease is determined by several factors, amongst which that play significant role are
close household contact and impaired immunity. Maternal index case significantly associated with leprosy
case in children and nutritional status plays a pivotal role in shaping the immune response against the
bacteria Mycobacterium leprae. Thus, this paper aims to evaluatethe association between nutritional status
and leprosy, especially in maternal and child leprosy. The study was conducted in Tuban, Indonesia. We
foundsignificant difference in haemoglobin, red blood cells, and haematocrit levels in subject with maternal
leprosy in the group of child without leprosy and leprous mother compared to the control group. The
difference in haemoglobin and haematocrit level are also associated with child leprosy in the group of child
with leprosy and mother with leprosy.In addition, although no significant association on BMI were observed,
we found that the child whose mother contracted leprosy has a lower BMI compared to the other groups

Author Biographies

Flora Ramona Sigit Prakoeswa

Doctoral Program, Faculty of Medicine, Airlangga University, Indonesia

Yohanes Aditya Adhi Satria

Faculty of Medicine, Universitas
SebelasMaret, Surakarta, Indonesia,

Budi Prasetyo

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical Faculty of Airlangga
University/ Dr.Soetomo General Academic Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia

Santi Martini

Faculty of Public Health, Airlangga
University, Indonesia,

Muhammad Yulianto Listiawan

Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Faculty of Medicine, Airlangga University/
Dr.Soetomo General Academic Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia

Anang Endaryanto

Department of Pediatric, Faculty of Medicine,
Airlangga University/ Dr.Soetomo General Academic Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia

Cita Rosita Sigit Prakoeswa

Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Faculty of Medicine, Airlangga University/
Dr.Soetomo General Academic Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia,

Published

2021-05-17

How to Cite

Flora Ramona Sigit Prakoeswa, Yohanes Aditya Adhi Satria, Budi Prasetyo, Santi Martini, Muhammad Yulianto Listiawan, Anang Endaryanto, & Cita Rosita Sigit Prakoeswa. (2021). Nutritional Status and Blood Profile amongst Patient withChildand Maternal Leprosy in Endemic and Non-Endemic Area of Indonesia. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(3), 3010-3017. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i3.15761

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