Radiographic Examination of Third Molar Development for Biological Age Assessment in Java Population, Indonesia
Keywords:Age estimation, Demirjian method, forensic identification, java population, third molar
Background: The individual age as documented in the birth certificate shall be authorized as a chronological
age. In several countries, falsification of documents relating to an individual age is becoming a major problem,
since it is correlated with monetary, marriage, and education matter. Forensic dentistry works to minimize
the possibility of individual age falsification by studying the tooth developmental stages. The objective of
this study is to observe the applicability of the third molar development related to the biological age.
Materials and Methods: A total of 93 OPG (orthopantomogram) of subjects (16 – 23 years old) from the
Java population were involved in this study. Third molar developmental stages of the mandibular were
evaluated using the Demirjian et al. method. The statistical analysis was carried out using IBM® SPSS®
Statistics version 23.0 (IBM, Armonk, NY, USA).
Results and Conclusion: The result showed that the average Java population reached the final stage at an
average age of 21 ± 1,39 years in females and 20 ± 1,9 years in males. The present study indicates that the
development of mandibular third molar is slightly earlier in males than in females. Besides, Demirjian’s
method is considered as a reliable method for dental age estimation in the Java population.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Re use and mixing of content policy- We follow Creative Commons Licence Policy. We follow CC BY. Please refer below for all details
This license lets others distribute, remix, adapt, and build upon our work, even commercially, as long as they credit us for the original creation.
- The journal allows readers to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of its articles and allow readers to use them for any other lawful purpose.
- The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions.
- The journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restrictions