Radiographic Examination of Third Molar Development for Biological Age Assessment in Java Population, Indonesia

Authors

  • Fitri Rizki Amalia
  • Arofi Kurniawan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i3.15779

Keywords:

Age estimation, Demirjian method, forensic identification, java population, third molar

Abstract

Background: The individual age as documented in the birth certificate shall be authorized as a chronological
age. In several countries, falsification of documents relating to an individual age is becoming a major problem,
since it is correlated with monetary, marriage, and education matter. Forensic dentistry works to minimize
the possibility of individual age falsification by studying the tooth developmental stages. The objective of
this study is to observe the applicability of the third molar development related to the biological age.
Materials and Methods: A total of 93 OPG (orthopantomogram) of subjects (16 – 23 years old) from the
Java population were involved in this study. Third molar developmental stages of the mandibular were
evaluated using the Demirjian et al. method. The statistical analysis was carried out using IBM® SPSS®
Statistics version 23.0 (IBM, Armonk, NY, USA).
Results and Conclusion: The result showed that the average Java population reached the final stage at an
average age of 21 ± 1,39 years in females and 20 ± 1,9 years in males. The present study indicates that the
development of mandibular third molar is slightly earlier in males than in females. Besides, Demirjian’s
method is considered as a reliable method for dental age estimation in the Java population.

Author Biographies

Fitri Rizki Amalia

Magister of Forensic Science, Postgraduate School, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Arofi Kurniawan

Department of Forensic Odontology, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Published

2021-05-17

How to Cite

Amalia, F. R. ., & Kurniawan, A. . (2021). Radiographic Examination of Third Molar Development for Biological Age Assessment in Java Population, Indonesia. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(3), 3113-3118. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i3.15779