The Questions of Compulsory Organ Donation: The Trolley Dilemma - A Discussion From Ethical, Legal, and SocialEconomical Perspectives
Keywords:organ donation, trolley dilemma, human rights, moral perspectives, social-economical perspectives, legal perspectives, opt-out system.
The Covid-19 pandemic has inflicted disastrous damages on various aspects of human lives, especially
the healthcare sector. The shortage of beds, medical staff, and other facilities in hospitals posed an acute
dilemma over who should be given precedence in the treatment process and whether a more seriously ill
person should sacrifice for people with less severe illness. With an interpretative approach, this short research
article discusses the above questions by using compulsory organ donations as a proxy. After evaluating
the compulsory organ donation from the ethical aspect, researchers then dig into the issue from legal and
socioeconomic perspectives. The authors are convinced by Kant and Nozick’s proposals on ethics and
justice regarding organ donation and patient sacrifice. The research also found out that the problem is not
merely limited to the question of morality but also extended to an opt-out system for ensuring social welfare.
Finally, the paper encourages medical practitioners, legislators, and social activists to make decisions about
medical-legal issues based on interdisciplinary views.
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