A Patient with AIDS and Embolic Stroke: A Case Report

Authors

  • Troy Fonda
  • Usman Hadi

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i3.15828

Keywords:

Embolic Stroke, Vasculopathy, Atherosclerosis, HIV

Abstract

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is a global concern. Globally, 36.7 million people are
living with HIV and 1 million people died at the end of 2016. There is an association between human
immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection with neurological manifestations. Between 1% and 5% of patients
with HIV develop stroke. The pathogenesis of AIDS with stroke is still controversial. A 37-year-old male
patient with AIDS had an embolic stroke. The diagnosis of the patient was based on clinical condition and
the CT scan results of the head with contrast. The stroke-causing mechanism in patients is HIV-associated
vasculopathy that results from accelerated atherosclerosis. After administration of antiplatelet and statin, the
patient’s condition improves.

Author Biographies

Troy Fonda

Resident, Department of Internal Medicine Dr. Soetomo Hospital – Faculty of Medicine, Airlangga University,
Surabaya, Indonesia

Usman Hadi

Professor, Division of Tropical and Infection, Department of Internal Medicine, Dr. Soetomo
Hospital – Faculty of Medicine, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia

Published

2021-05-17

How to Cite

Fonda, T. ., & Hadi, U. . (2021). A Patient with AIDS and Embolic Stroke: A Case Report. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(3), 3410-3413. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i3.15828