A Patient with AIDS and Embolic Stroke: A Case Report
Keywords:Embolic Stroke, Vasculopathy, Atherosclerosis, HIV
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is a global concern. Globally, 36.7 million people are
living with HIV and 1 million people died at the end of 2016. There is an association between human
immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection with neurological manifestations. Between 1% and 5% of patients
with HIV develop stroke. The pathogenesis of AIDS with stroke is still controversial. A 37-year-old male
patient with AIDS had an embolic stroke. The diagnosis of the patient was based on clinical condition and
the CT scan results of the head with contrast. The stroke-causing mechanism in patients is HIV-associated
vasculopathy that results from accelerated atherosclerosis. After administration of antiplatelet and statin, the
patient’s condition improves.
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