Relationship of Complications During Pregnancy and Low Birth Weight in Indonesia: An Ecological Study
Keywords:low birth weight, hypertension in pregnancy,birth canal bleeding, discharge of amniotic fluid, ecological study
Low birth weight is classified as one of the children’s health problems in Indonesia. Theauthorsconducted a
study to analyze the environmental factors associated with Indonesia’s low birth weight. Thestudy conducted
an ecological analysis using secondary data from the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia report in
2018. The study takes all provinces in Indonesia as samples.Besidesthe proportion of low birth weight, there
were 3 other variables analyzed, the proportion of hypertension in pregnancy, the proportion of birth canal
bleeding, and the proportion of amniotic fluid discharge. Data were analyzed using cross-tabulation.The
results show that all three variables tend to affect the proportion of low birth weight and the previous studies.
The study concluded that the three independent variables analyzed tend to correlate with the proportion of
low birth weight in Indonesia.
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