Body Mass Index (BMI) and Special History on the Event of Gestasional Preeclampsia Study in Jombang District Health Center

Authors

  • Lusianah Meinawati

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i3.15836

Keywords:

Body Mass Index, Special History, Pregnant Women, Preeclampsia.

Abstract

Background: The most common cause of maternal death in Indonesia is direct obstetric causes, namely
28% bleeding, 24% preeclampsia-eclampsia, 11% infection, while indirect causes are obstetric trauma 5%
and others 11%. Preeclampsia is hypertension that arises after 20 weeks of pregnancy accompanied by
proteinuria. Preeclampsia ranks second cause of maternal death after bleeding.
Purpose: The study aims to analyze body mass index (BMI) and spesific history of the preeclampsia
gestasional events.
Method: The research was conducted with Cross Sectional research type. The study was conducted in
the working area of Jombang Regency in February dd July 2019. The population in this study were all
pregnant women with preeclampsia who conducted examinations in independent practice midwives in
February, March 2019 totaling 168 pregnant women. Total sampling technique. The research instrument
used a questionnaire with the value of Cronbach’s Alpha 0.862.
Results:The results of the analysis showed that the independent variables associated with the incidence of
preeclampsia were Body Mass Index with p-value 0.003; Exp (B); 11,234, variable history of hypertension
in pregnancy with p-value 0,000; Exp (B); 11,387, and diabetes variable with p-value 0,003; Exp (B); 11,334.
Body mass index in the obesity category, history of hypertension and diabetes are the biggest contributing
factors to the incidence of preeclampsia in pregnancy.
Conclusion: The study concluded that history of hypertension and diabetes are the biggest contributing
factors to the incidence of preeclampsia in pregnancy.

Author Biography

Lusianah Meinawati

Lecture at the Midwifery Study Program, STIKesInsan Cendekia Medika Jombang, East Java, Indonesia

Published

2021-05-17

How to Cite

Meinawati, L. . (2021). Body Mass Index (BMI) and Special History on the Event of Gestasional Preeclampsia Study in Jombang District Health Center. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(3), 3455-3461. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i3.15836