The Effect of “Friends” Program Training on the Loneliness of 8-18 Years Old Children with Thalassemia Major in Golestan Province of Iran

Authors

  • Masoumeh Ghorbanpour
  • Farhad Aref
  • Atefeh Haghparast
  • Haniye Asadinejad
  • Gol Bahar Akhondzadeh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i3.15852

Keywords:

Friends program, loneliness, children, thalassemia major

Abstract

Introduction: Beta thalassemia is an inherited genetic disorder that is associated with severe physical and
mental illnesses. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of “Friends” program training on the
loneliness of children with thalassemia major at thalassemia centers of Golestan.
Materials and Methods: This quasi-intervention study with two intervention and control groups was
conducted on 50 children with thalassemia major aged 8-18 years referred to thalassemia centers in Golestan
province in 2019. In the intervention group, the Friends program training was carried out in ten 60-minute
long sessions. Demographic information form and Asher’s children loneliness questionnaire were the tools
used for data collection. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS software version 25 at the significance
level of P < 0.05.
Results: The results showed that, the mean score of loneliness before the intervention was 33.32 ± 10.61
in the intervention group and 41.4 ± 12.20 in the control group. The mean score of loneliness after the
intervention decreased to 28.36 ± 7.74 in the intervention group, and 40.68 ± 11.68 in the control group.
The ANCOVA test showed a significant difference in the mean score of loneliness after the intervention by
removing the effect of pretest (P = 0.01).
Conclusion: The use of Friends program training can be considered as an efficient method in improving
medical outcomes related to the loneliness of children with thalassemia and limiting unnecessary health care
costs.

Author Biographies

Masoumeh Ghorbanpour

Instructor, Department of Nursing, Aliabad Katoul Branch, Islamic Azad University, Aliabad Katoul, Iran,

Farhad Aref

Instructor, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Jiroft University of Medical Sciences,
Jiroft, Iran

Atefeh Haghparast

Instructor, MSc in Community Health Nursing, Ghaemshahr Health Network, Deputy of Health
,Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

Haniye Asadinejad

Instructor, Master of nursing. Bandar-e-Gaz Martyrs
Hospital, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran

Gol Bahar Akhondzadeh

Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing,
Aliabad Katoul Branch, Islamic Azad University, Aliabad Katoul, Iran

Published

2021-05-17

How to Cite

Masoumeh Ghorbanpour, Farhad Aref, Atefeh Haghparast, Haniye Asadinejad, & Gol Bahar Akhondzadeh. (2021). The Effect of “Friends” Program Training on the Loneliness of 8-18 Years Old Children with Thalassemia Major in Golestan Province of Iran. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(3), 3567-3572. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i3.15852

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