Ecological Analysis of the Prevalence of Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Indonesia

Authors

  • Mara Ipa
  • Agung Dwi Laksono

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i3.15857

Keywords:

pulmonary tuberculosis, ecological analysis, sanitation.

Abstract

Background: Previous studies have found that the potential loss of pulmonary tuberculosis is relatively high.
The study aimed at analyzing ecologically the factors related to the prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis
in Indonesia.
Methods: Ecological analysis conducted using secondary data from the Ministry of Health of the Republic
of Indonesia report in 2018. All provinces take as samples. Apart from pulmonary tuberculosis, five other
variables analyzed as independent variables were smokers’ percentage and adequate ventilation. Percentage
of proper lighting, the rate of poor people, and the portion of the population completing primary education.
Data were analyzed using a scatter plot.
Results: The study results found that the higher the percentage of smokers in a province, the higher the
prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis. The higher the percentage of adequate ventilation in an area, the
lower the prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis. The higher the rate of sufficient lighting in a province, the
lower the prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis. Meanwhile, the higher the percentage of poor people in a
region, the higher the prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis. Finally, the higher the portion of the population
completing primary education in a province, the lower the prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis.
Conclusion: It concluded five independent variables analyzed were related to Indonesia’s prevalence of
pulmonary tuberculosis.

Author Biographies

Mara Ipa

Researcher, Unit of Health Research and Development Pangandaran of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of
Indonesia, West Java, Indonesia,

Agung Dwi Laksono

Researcher, National Institute of Health Research and Development, Indonesia
Ministry of Health, Jakarta, Indonesia

Published

2021-05-17

How to Cite

Mara Ipa, & Agung Dwi Laksono. (2021). Ecological Analysis of the Prevalence of Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Indonesia. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(3), 3586-3595. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i3.15857

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