The Effect of Aloevera Mouthwash in Reducing Periodontal Disease among Secondary School Students in Duhok, Kurdistan Region, Iraq: A Quasi-Experimental Study
Keywords:Aloe vera, gingival index, plaque index, periodontal diseases, students
As the prevalence of periodontal diseases increases and antibiotic resistance develops, there is a need for
alternative methods of treatment, safe, reliable and economical. Worldwide, dentistry has recently shown
a change in approach to the use of such modalities to treat many inflammatory oral diseases. Aloe vera is a
medicinal herb with many advantages and has recently gained considerable importance in clinical research.
Aim: The aim of this study is to determine the effect of using Aloe vera mouthwashes on improving
periodontal health among secondary school students in in Duhok, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.
Materials and Methods: A quasi experimental study conducted on 289 systemically healthy participants
with moderate and severe gingivitis (132 females and 157 males) aged 14-20 years randomly selected from
eight secondary schools using multistage random sampling in Duhok city from December 2018 to May
2019. The periodontal status was assessed by using the Gingival Index and Plaque Index before and 4 weeks
after using Aloevera mouthwash.
Results: there was a significant decrease in the means of plaque and gingival indices after using Aloe vera
mouthwash in the whole sample (p < 0.001), and among each gender (p < 0.001).
Conclusion: The finding of this study showed that Aloe vera could prove to be effective mouthwash due to
its ability to reduce periodontal indices. Therefore, Aloe vera can be used as an alternative product for the
prevention and treatment of gingivitis.
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