Social Support from Family and Peers in Elderly as Effort in Improving the Psychological Well-being during Covid-19 Pandemicat Surabaya
Keywords:Elderly, Psychological well-being, Covid-19, Social Support
Social support is important in improving the health of the elderly. The spread of Covid-19 can reduce the
physical and mental condition of the elderly. The purpose of this study was to analyze the social support of
family and fellow elderly in the elderly as an effort to improve their psychological well-being during the
This research was a survey research, based on its character, it is an analytical description with a cross
sectional design. The population is all elderly in Surabaya and Madura areas.The sample was 305 partly
elderly from 3 cities of Surabaya, Pamekasan, and Sumenep chosen through random sampling technique. The
independent variable wassocial support, which is the social support from family and friends, while the
dependent variable wasthe level of psychological well-being of the elderly. The research instrument in
determining thesocial support from family, the social support from peer and the level of psychological wellbeing
was questionnaire. Meanwhile, the data analysis was conducted by using logistic regression.
The results of peer support obtained p = 0.127; Family support obtained p = 0.000;Rsquare was 0.080,
indicating that the family social support affected the psychological well-being of the elderly. It is expectedthat
the elderly can improve their health during the Covid-19 pandemic by carrying out positive activities both
at home and in the community. Family support and health services for the elderly are needed in improving
the psychological well-being of the elderly. Psychological well-being must always be improved so that the
health of the elderly can be achieved and the elderly can pass through the pandemic well. This requires
government participation and policies to make it happen.
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