Ecological Analysis of Diabetes Mellitusin Indonesia
Keywords:ecological analysis, secondary data, diabetes mellitus
Diabetes mellitus is a dangerous disease and often causes complications. The study aims to analyze
ecologically the factors related to the prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus in Indonesia. The study was designed
with an ecological analysis approach, using secondary data from the 2018 Indonesia Basic Health Survey
covering all provinces as samples. The dependent variable is the prevalence of diabetes mellitus. The
independent variable is the prevalence of obesity nutritional status according to BMI in the adult population
(aged >18 years), the proportion of less physical activity in the population aged >10years, the proportion of
sweet drink consumption habits in the population >3 years old more than once per day and the percentage of
poor people. Data were analyzed using the scatter plot.The results showed that the higher the prevalence of
obesity nutritional status according to BMI in the adult population, the higher the proportion of less physical
activity, and the higher the proportion of sweet drink consumption habits in the population more than once
per day, the higher the prevalence of diabetes mellitus. Conversely, the higher the percentage of poor people,
the lower the prevalence of diabetes mellitus. The study concluded that the four independent variables tested
tend to relate to the prevalence of diabetes mellitus.
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