Determinants of Stunting in Indonesian Toddlers
Keywords:Stunting, Exclusive Breastfeeding (ASI), MP-ASI, Immunization Status
Children who are malnourished for a long time can experience a failure to thrive, namely stunting.This
situation occurs in many developing countries such as Indonesia. Stunting is a linear growth disorder
characterized by a TB/U z-score less than -2SD. The study aimed to examine the incidence of stunting in
children under five in terms of exclusive breastfeeding (ASI), complementary foods of breast milk (MPASI),
immunization status, family characteristics. The research approach is quantitative with a Case-Control
Study design and is carried out in West Java Province, with a sample size of 120 people. Data analysis
includes bivariate using Chi-Square. The results showed that the incidence of stunting in children under
five was due to low family income (p = 0.004; OR= 9.33), non-exclusive breastfeeding (p= 0.001; OR=
28.5), poor complementary feeding (p= 0.001; OR= 16), and incomplete immunization (p = 0.00; OR = 17).
Stunting in children under five is closely related to low family income, non-exclusive breastfeeding, poor
complementary breastfeeding, and incomplete immunization. Meanwhile, non-exclusive breastfeeding is a
dominant factor as a risk factor for children experiencing stunting.
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